Gabapentin has been approved to prevent and manage partial seizures. It can also help with postherpetic neuralgia resulting from the shingles, and treat moderate to severe restless legs syndrome. Find out about the side effects you should be aware of, what medications to avoid when taking gabapentin and how to take the drug and other pertinent questions and answers. Gabapentin comes in generic and brand name versions.
Gabapentin is what it sounds like?
Gabapentin is a prescribed medication called an gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) analog. GABA reduces the activity neurons (neurons) within the brain, and plays part in the development of seizures and transmitting pain signal. Gabapentin mimics what happens to GABA by calming neurons.
Gabapentin belongs in a category of drugs known as anticonvulsants.
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What are the brands that are used to refer to gabapentin?
Gabapentin can be purchased as a brand name and as a generic drug (chemically identical, but usually less expensive than the name brand product). Gabapentin is marketed under the names Horizant(r), Gralise(r) and Neurontin(r).
What are the uses for which gabapentin is approved?
Gabapentin can be used to:
- Prevent and control partial seizures. Gabapentin is a medication that can be used by adults as well as children aged 3 and up who suffer from partial seizures.
- Help relieve nerve pain that occurs after an adult’s shingles. Shingles is an uncomfortable rash that appears over time after you’ve had chickenpox. This virus, which causes the chickenpox disease remains dormant in the portion of the spinal nerve root known as the dorsal root-ganglion. Whatever the reason the virus that was otherwise inactive becomes active — often due to stress, resulting in an rash of shingles. The pain in the nerves following a case of shingles is referred to as the postherpetic neuralgia (PHN).
- Treat moderate-to-severe principal sleepy legs condition .
The gabapentin-branded product Neurontin along with Gralise can be used to treat seizures that are partial as well as PHN. The brand-name gabapentin enacarbil product Horizant has been approved to treat restless leg syndrome and PHN.
What dosage strengths and types does gabapentin are available in?
Gabapentin is available in the form of:
- Gabapentin tablets. It is available in 300milligram tablet (Gralise) and 800- and 600-milligram tablets (Neurontin or generic gabapentin).
- Gabapentin oral solution. The oral solution has 250 millgrams of gabapentin for every 5 milliliter (50 mg per milliliter) Neurontin, also known as generic gabapentin.
- Gabapentin capsules. It’s available in 100300, 300 as well as 400 milligram gelatin capsules (Neurontin or generic gabapentin).
- Gabapentin Enacarbil, 300- and 600-milligram extended release tablet (Horizant).
What should I do to take gabapentin?
- Take Gralise tablets along with the dinner you have planned. Take tablets whole and drink an entire glasses of water. Do not chew, break or crush.
- Use Horizant tablets in conjunction with food. Suck the tablets whole in an entire glasses of water. Avoid chewing, breaking or crush.
- Use other gabapentin-related forms and without or with food.
- Neurontin and generic versions of Neurontin tablets can be broken into 2 pieces. The second piece to take your next dose. Do not use the half-tablet for more than 28 days following the day the whole tablet was broken or cut.
- Take care to measure the liquid form of gabapentin with the measuring device provided with the medication. If you didn’t receive the measuring device, consult your pharmacist for an instrument for measuring the dosage of medication.
- If you’re taking an antacid with magnesium or aluminum in it like Maalox(r), Mylanta(r), Gelusil(r), Gaviscon(r) or Di-Gel(r) take for at least 2 hours before taking your next dose gabapentin.
- Use gabapentin as directed by your doctor.
What are the most serious adverse consequences of gabapentin?
If you are suffering from one of the symptoms listed above contact your doctor immediately:
- An allergic reaction is a sign If you suffer from an allergic reaction, skin itching, rash, or hives or blistered, swollen, or peeling skin, with or without fever, consult your physician. Also, you should consult your doctor when you experience difficulty eating or swallowing. You may also experience wheezing, or swelling of your lips, face and eyes, throat or tongue.
- Changes in behavior or mood Consult your physician to discuss any suicidal idea or thoughts of death or suicide attempts, any an increase or worsening of anxiety, depression, or feelings of anxiety or anxiety. Also, you should contact your doctor if you are experiencing anxiety attacks, insomnia feeling of anger or aggression, an impulsive or violent behavior, a dramatic increasing in activity or speaking and other shifts in mood or behavior, as well as confusion as well as inability to concentrate. memory issues as these could be side effects from the medication you are taking.
- The signs of liver disorders: Yellowing of your skin or the whites of eyes dark urine, light colored stool, vomiting, unusual bleeding or bleeding.
- A sign of kidney dysfunction: Trouble urinating, changes in the amount of urine you pass or urination that is bloody or weight gain, and swelling of feet and legs because of retaining fluid.
- Other abnormalities that are not related: Change in color of your skin, resulting in blue on your lips or nail beds, fingers or toes. This can be accompanied by intense fatigue or weakness or unintentional muscles pain.